The gastrointestinal tract consists of a hollow muscular tube starting from the oral cavity, where food enters the mouth, continuing
through the pharynx, esophagus, stomach and intestines to the rectum and anus, where food is expelled. There are variousaccessory
organsthat assist the tract by secreting enzymes to help break down food into its component nutrients.

Several works in literature showed the protective and/or treatment role that propolis play against gastrointestinal disorders. Despite the mechanism of action is still unclear, many studies suggested that the efficacy of propolis could be attributed to its antioxidants, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.